Latin Press - Journalism in Latin America

The freedom of the press is not a notion recognized throughout Latin America in the same way as other countries.

Turbulent histories and dictatorships in many countries have meant that it is only in recent years that much of the Latin press has had the opportunity to start growing and developing to the level of its global counterparts.

Freedom and Propaganda


Whilst some countries have media freedom, the Latin press in other countries is censored at the highest level and very often reflects government propaganda.

For many Latin American journalists working in the Latin press, choosing the wrong story or taking the 'wrong side' can result in violent personal attacks or worse.

With the exception of Cuba, the freedom of the Latin press is granted throughout Latin America and in some cases guaranteed by the country's constitution. Despite this, in many countries, the Latin press does not cover sensitive issues such as religion, diverse or subvert political points of view or exposé's of corruption or illegal trafficking.

Whilst Argentina and Costa Rica's press thrive, in Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico and Peru, journalists can regularly come under attack. In Chile, the freedom of the Latin press is something which some authorities have found difficult to accept, but the restrictions of the Chilean government in the Pinochet era are becoming a distant memory.

  • In Argentina, the two top dailies are Clarin and La Nacion. The Buenos Aires Herald is an English daily paper
  • El Diario is a La Paz daily and El Mundo a daily in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, but low literacy levels contribute to lower readership levels
  • Chile's daily business paper is the Diario Financiero. The Santiago Times is a weekday English paper
  • Costa Rica has a number of major daily newspapers, including El Heraldo, Diario Extra and La Prensa Libre. The weekly English paper is The Tico Times
  • National newpapers in Cuba include Granma, Granma internacional (in 5 languages) and Trabajadores
  • Press ownership in the Dominican Republic is in the hands of the powerful and or rich few. Some of the country's dailies include Hoy, Diario Libre and El Nacional which is also printed on Sundays
  • The press in Ecuador undergoes a lot of self censorship as defamation is punished by prison sentences. Most media ownership is private. Dailies include El Tiempo and Hoy
  • Prensa Libre and Siglo Veintiuno are two of Guatemala's dailies
  • Mexico has a few hundred newspapers, including Diario de Mexico and El Sol de Mexico. The English language The News is printed weekdays
  • Lima, Peru, has a number of dailies, including Ojo, Gestion and La Republica. Most of the country's papers are privately run