Guatemala Facts For Your Guatemala Factfile

This page provides a one stop shop reference guide of useful Guatemala facts.

Click here for further information about Guatemala.

Click here for further information about Central America.

Suggestions of sites to visit in Guatemala can be found in the Where to Visit section as well as Culture and Art.

Guatemala Fact File

Monetary unit
  • Full Name: Republic ofGuatemala
  • Capital City: Guatemala City
  • Country Area: 108,889 sq km
  • Land Mass Area: 107,159 sq km
  • Population: 13,550,440 (2010 estimate)
  • Life Expectancy: 70.59
  • Ethnicity: 59.5% European and Mestizo, 9% K'iche, 9% other Mayan, 8% Kaqchikel, 8% Mam, 6% Q'eqchi, 0.5% other (2001 census)
  • Religion: 57% Roman Catholic, 40% Protestant, 2% no religion, 1% Mayan religion
  • Official Languages: Spanish and 23 Amerindian languates
  • Internet Domain: .gt
  • International Dialling Code: +502
  • Monetary Unit: 1 quetzal = 100 centavos
  • Government: Constitutional Demographic Republic
  • Independence from Spain: 15 September 1821

Random Fact

Guatemala comes from the Mayan Toltec word meaning land of trees.

Over a third of Guatemala continues to be forest land and half of this is classified as the most biodiverse form of forest.